Bladder Cancer Specialist

Bayside Urology

Cesar Abreu, MD

Urologist & Urologic Oncology located in Down Town Clearwater, Clearwater, FL & Behind Mease Dunedin In the Medical Arts Building, Dunedin, FL

Most cases of urinary tract cancers are some form of bladder cancer, which usually originates in your bladder’s lining. At Bayside Urology in Clearwater and Dunedin, Florida, urologist Cesar Abreu Jr., MD, and his team provide testing and personalized treatment for all types of bladder cancer. Book an appointment by phone or online at Bayside Urology to learn more about bladder cancer and available treatments.

Bladder Cancer Q & A

What is the function of my bladder?

Your bladder is a pouch-like organ in your urinary system that stores urine. It can stretch to hold about 400-600 milliliters of urine. When you get the urge to urinate, your bladder muscles flex and let the urine out into your urethra.

Many conditions can affect your bladder and its functioning, including urinary tract infections, interstitial cystitis, and bladder cancer. 

What is bladder cancer?

Bladder cancer is the most common type of cancer affecting the urinary tract, accounting for about 90% of urinary tract cancers. In most cases, it originates in the cells of your bladder’s lining. Like all other forms of cancer, bladder cancer develops because of uncontrolled cell growth. The specific type of bladder cancer you have depends on the type of cell it affects, including:

Transitional cell carcinoma

Transitional cell carcinoma starts in the transitional epithelial cells lining the inside of your bladder. This type accounts for about 90% of cases in the United States. 

Squamous cell carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma accounts for about 75% of bladder cancer cases in developing countries but only 1-2% in the U.S. It’s usually associated with a long-lasting infection.

Other types

Rarer types of bladder cancer include small cell carcinoma, carcinosarcoma, primary lymphoma, and sarcoma.

If you have a tumor in your bladder, it falls into one of two categories: low-stage (superficial) and high-stage (muscle-invasive). High-stage bladder cancer is more likely to grow quickly and spread to other areas of your body. 

How is bladder cancer treated?

The team at Bayside Urology performs tests like biopsies and imaging tests to determine if you have bladder cancer. 

The components of your individualized bladder cancer treatment plan depend on multiple factors, including the type of cancer and the grade. Your bladder cancer treatment might involve:

  • Chemotherapy for only your bladder
  • Chemotherapy for your whole body
  • Radiation therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Surgery to remove a tumor
  • Surgery to remove part or all of your bladder

The team discusses your options with you and can explain each treatment to you in detail. You may be given a choice according to your personal preferences and overall health. 

To learn more about the various types of bladder cancer and the outlook for treatment, call Bayside Urology, or book an appointment online today.